Bordered Magic Squares With Order Square Magic Sums

The idea of nested magic squares is well known in the literature, generally known by bordered magic squares. In this work, nested magic squares are studied in such a way that the magic sums are equal to the order of the magic square. The study include integer values. In some cases decimal entries with positive and negative entries are also used. The magic sums of sub-magic squares lead us to a general formula. The work is for the bordered magic squares of orders 3 to 25.

Bordered Magic Square of Order 20 with magic sum 20×20
For a day 20 of each month of 2020

The work can be download at the following link:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Below are examples considered in the work:



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s