Fractional and Decimal Type Bordered Magic Squares With Magic Sum 2021

The idea of bordered magic squares is well known in the literature. In this work, bordered magic squares are constructed in such a way that the final magic sum of each bordered magic square is 2021. The work is for the orders 3 to 26. The work include fractional and decimal numbers entries having positive and/or negative signs. In some cases, the sub-magic sums lead us to Pythagorean triples. It happens with the even order magic squares starting from order 10, such as, orders 10, 12, …, 24, 26.

Below is a link for download the work in pdf:

Inder J. Taneja, Fractional and Decimal Type Bordered Magic Squares With Magic Sum 2021

Below are examples of bordered magic squares with sum 2021.

Categories: Magic Squares

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